Fixing Leaks Under The Raintray (cowl)
or Where is my ECU, Alarm horn, and Wipers?
Ahh, yes, what's down there... how do I get in there, and why would I want to get in there?
Just to be clear, "cowl", "raintray", and "water deflector" are all the same part here...
Well, its pretty simple, there are a few things in there you may need to get to for one reason or another. The ECU (Computer) is under the raintray, so if you need to swap a chip or check wires, you need to get there. The wiper assembly is under there. The alarm horn is tucked in there, as well as the fresh air inlet for the passenger compartment. I'll show you how to add a simple and cheap way to add a cabin filter as well. Leaves and debris (dirt) can wind up down there and cause a backup in the system and cause a small water leak as well. I also had a damaged raintray seal on the drivers side, this was my main reason for going in there.... If you have a 2.0 you need to pull off the drivers side to get to the coil. If the water leak is on the passenger floor only, also look here.
ECU - Passenger only
Wipers/Motor - Both sides come off
A/C Ambient Temp switch - Both sides come off.
Coil (2.0) - Both sides come off
Cabin Air Filter - Passenger only
Alarm Horn - Both sides come off
The MKIII model line *never came* with a factory cabin filter.
|Time: a few
hours (mosty to let stuff dry), on a dry, sunny warm day (or in a garage).
Tools you'll need:
Get your goodies together. Here we see some McKanica seam sealer, Quality enamel paint, and a new Swiss made raintray for the drivers side to repalce the damaged seal on mine. I got this part from ECS tuning for about $50. They are more at the dealer. The OEM ones were made in Germany, they sucked, the rubber broke down and fell off. The new Swiss OEM ones hold up much better. I only had to do the drivers side since my passenger side one was already replaced with a Swiss unit.
Before you start, its critical to mark where the wipers lay against the windshield. Here I used some fancy tape I had. Make sure you don't get them mixed up, left v.s. right.
Step 3 -
Open the hood and pop off the small covers on top of the wiper arms. Try not to loose these.
Step 4 -
Here we see the OE plug VS some other plugs I had from before. Expect the OE plugs to fight the whole way out. You might want to have some on hand, or some aftermarket jobs to hold things in place once it goes back together. Note how the heated washer jet wires, and washer line runs along the side of the tray.
Undo the nuts and washers on both wiper arms. Use your magnet on a stick to fish the washers out. Don't loose them!
Step 5 -
This is a battery terminal puller. They run $8 at Sears. Its more or less a small gear puller and very handy for pulling wiper arms off.
With the nuts removed - Install the battery terminal puller over the wiper arm stud and crank it down. Make sure the legs are under the wiper arm. It should pop right off. Remove BOTH wiper arms.
With the arms now off, inspect the small flutes and if
needed clean them out with a small pick.
Use your trim popper to slide under the OE or aftermarket plugs/pins and pry them out. The OE units need to be unscrewed as they lifted. Expect them to strip out. This is why its a good idea to have new ones on hand.
Once the plugs are *all* out of both sides, carefully remove the rubber seal. This is just a pinch seal and it should come off with no issues.
Step 8 -
Side the center section between the two cowls to the passenger side. Hey, look, its the VIN!
Step 9 -
Carefully remove the passenger side cowl 1st. Here we see the crap that was on my filter after 1 year of use. This is the fresh air inlet.
The blue lines give you an idea of how the dirt and water flows out to the drain on the side of the cowl.
Next remove the drivers side cowl.
From the left to the right: Fresh air inlet, ECU, and Wiper Assembly. The alarm horn is behind the wiper assembly.
Step 11 -
Here we see where my leak was. The factory seam sealer used (now 13 years old!!) has cracked around the base of the hood release. The arrow is pointing to a chunk of it.
Remove and unbolt the wiper assembly (3 bolts) and ECU (2 bolts). You can now see the alarm horn on the drivers side (the round gray thing).
I also removed my dirty air filter. No need to unplug wires. You can carefully rest the ECU and wipers on the engine bay.
See how dirty it is in there? Vacuum it out to get out all the leaves and trash. Wash it with soap and water (Car wash soap), and then dry it, air dry it well. You may also want to give the windshield a good washing as well since you have this lower part off.
Now, near the factory seam sealer, we can see some small cracks. This is not good. If you don't understand why, go check out my Vanagon.
What can and will happen is over time, this can freeze/thaw, get worse, cause rust, and leaks, and before you know it, its raining on your feet.
Step 12 -
Reading the directions on the can of seam sealer, and wearing gloves apply a small bead of seam sealer to the areas where you see cracks. The point is to just fill in the damaged areas. Do not make things worse by blocking or impeding the progress of water down to the factory cowl hole. Your new seam sealer must be 100% smooth and clean. Otherwise its not going to stick and make things worse. Smooth it out with your glove.
Ahhh, nice and smooth.
Wait 1 hour and then cover it with paint. Mask off things well. Try not to spray the fresh air inlet. Beware! For about a week, your car is gonna stink like plastic and paint if you use your vent in the fresh air position. Drive with it in recalculate mode to prevent this smell unit everything cures.
Step 13 -
Cut out a new chunk of filter and then clamp/crimp it over the fresh air inlet. Here we see new stuff, vs the crap the built up in 1 year! This is a cheap mod that is very sweet. Keep pollen out of the car, vents, dust, smoke. It really works well. Most home centers carry a filter sheet for less then $10 and you can make about 4 cabin filters out of 1 full sheet. I used tin snips to cut the filter media. Get the kind shown here, with the metal reinforcing. You can crimp the metal over the factory fresh air inlet to make a good seal. The air still comes in the car at the same speeds, and your now breathing cleaner air.
Install everything back the way you took it off. Make sure you route the wires for everything back right, and there is a small white clip on the cowl that the ECU slides in. Make sure its in there, its hard to see.
Carefully line up the old wiper arms to your tape marks. Make sure the flutes are locked into the wiper arm studs. Wiggle them if needed.
Torque the wiper arm nuts to 15 ft lbs. All the other bolts you took off, just snug them down.