A Guide to Internet Resources in the Humanities, Community College of Philadelphia


Citing Internet Resources: A Guide for Students

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III. Modern Language Association (MLA) Style

Used in the Humanities

Here is an example of an MLA citation of a printed text:

McHale, Brian. "Poetry as Prosthesis." Poetics Today. 21(Spring 2000): 1-32.

When citing sources from the Internet, stay as close as possible to the form above for printed texts, but add at least a URL and a date on which you viewed the source. The following checklist gives a thorough listing of information you should include, if available, and gives the information in the order in which it should appear in your entry.

1. Author(s) of the source, alphabetized by last name. An editor or compiler should be noted by an abbreviation such as "ed."

2. Title, within quotation marks of the short work, followed by a period.

3. Underlined Title of the larger work--book or journal, for example--in which the short work appears.

4. Publication information for a print version of the work, if available, including: place, publisher, date--for books; volume and year--for journals; exact date--for magazines. End with a period.

5. Title of a scholarly project (and its editor, if noted), periodical, database, or

6. Professional or personal site, underlined, in which the work is found. Lacking these, note the individual or professional home page source.

7. Date of electronic publication or latest update.

8. Number range or total number of pages, paragraphs or sections of source, if available, specifically designated. (Some sites have numbered paragraphs or have a designated page range.)

9. Name of institution or organizational sponsor or web site or database and version number, if available.

10. Date of YOUR accessing the source, not followed by a period.

11. CRUCIAL: The URL, in angle brackets (< >), which gives the Internet "address" of the source, followed by a period.

NOTE: Not all the information above is necessarily available: just note what is available to you.

Schematic illustration:

Author's Last Name, First Name. "Title of Short Work." Title of Longer Work or

Scholarly Project. Volume number Date of publication or latest revision. # of pages or paragraphs. Date when accessed < URL >.

MLA Online Citation Examples:

Literature:

Hatchuel, Sarah. "Leading the Gaze: From Showing to Telling in Kenneth Branagh's Henry V and Hamlet."

Early Modern Literary Studies 6.1(May 2000): 22 pars. 1 Sept. 2000 < http://www.shu.ac.uk/emls/06-1/06-1toc.htm > .

Art:

National Museum of American Art. "A Journey Through Art With W. H. Johnson." 27 Sept. 2000 < http://nmaa-ryder.si.edu/johnson/intro3.html > .

Philosophy:

Levine, Michael. "Pantheism." Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. (Summer 2000) Ed. Edward N. Zalta. 1 Sept.

2000 < http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/sum2000/entries/pantheism/ > .

Additional useful sites:

MLA WEBSITE, find out more information from the source: http://www.mla.org/style/sources.htm

NEW BIBLIOGRAPHY SOFTWARE, at this site--"NoodleBib"--you get electronic help putting a bibliography in MLA format. You fill out a form with information about your source, and the site puts the info into the correct format for you. http://www.noodletools.com/noodlebib/

ELECTRONIC MANUALS FOR ONLINE STYLE, this is a good list of manuals available on the internet that treat questions of online style (quotations, citations): http://www.Columbia.edu/cu/libraries/reference/citing-er.html