A Guide to Internet Resources in the Humanities, Community College of Philadelphia

Citing Internet Resources: A Guide for Students

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V. Columbia Online Style (COS)

Used in the Humanities

The Columbia Guide to Online Style, devised specifically for citing electronic sources (not print sources), is a synthesis of formats. For Humanities citations, COS synthesizes the MLA and CMS formats.

1. Author's Last Name, followed by First Name, alphabetized by last name, followed by a period.

2. Title of short work in quotation marks, followed by a period.

3. Title of longer work or website, newspaper, or journal in italics, followed by a period.

4. Any version or file number, followed by a period.

5. Date of revision or site construction.

6. CRUCIAL: the URL, not enclosed in angle brackets, giving the site "address."

7. Date of access, in parentheses, ending with a period.

NOTE: Not all the information above is necessarily available: just note what is available to you.

Schematic illustration:Author's Last Name, First Name. "Title of Work." Title of Longer Work. Date of document. Internet address (Date accessed).

COS Citation Example:


Hatchuel, Sarah. "Leading the Gaze: From Showing to Telling in Kenneth Branagh's Henry V and Hamlet." Early Modern Literary Studies. May 2000. http://www.shu.ac.uk/emls/06-1/06-1toc.htm (1 Sept. 2000).

Additional useful sites:

CGOS WEBSITE, find out more information from the source: http://www.columbia.edu/cu/cup/cgos/basic.html

ELECTRONIC MANUALS FOR ONLINE STYLE, this is a good list of manuals available on the internet that treat questions of online style (quotations, citations): http://www.Columbia.edu/cu/libraries/reference/citing-er.html