Required Materials


Instructional Materials


Learning Objectives

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Department of

Biology

1) Describe the anatomical organization and structural components of the cardiovascular, lymphatic, respiratory, digestive, urinary, and reproductive systems.


 Objectives:


Identify the components of whole blood

Identify and describe the structure of erythrocytes

Identify and describe the structure of leukocytes and platelets

Identify and describe the major structures of the heart including the coronary circulation

Describe the circulation of blood through the heart  

Identify and describe structural differences between arteries, capillaries and veins

Identify and describe the circulation of blood through major blood vessels of the systemic and pulmonary circuits

Identify and describe special circulations including the hepatic portal system and fetal circulation

Identify and describe the components of the lymphatic system, noting compositional differences between lymph and blood plasma

Identify and describe the structure of the organs of the respiratory system including the histological features of the respiratory tract

Identify and describe the primary lung volumes and lung capacities

Identify and describe the organs of the digestive system including the histological features along the length of the digestive tract

Identify and describe the organs of the urinary system including the histological features of the major organs and circulation through the kidney

Identify and describe the major organs of the male and female reproductive systems including the histological features of the reproductive tracts



2) Explain how the cardiovascular, lymphatic, respiratory, digestive, urinary and reproductive systems function at the cellular, tissue, organ and organ system levels.


 Objectives:


State the functions and characteristics of whole blood

Explain the function, formation and recycling of erythrocytes

Explain the functions of leukocytes and platelets

Describe clinical measurements associated with erythrocytes, leukocytes and platelets

Explain the major events of hemostasis

Explain the cardiac cycle, integrating electrical activity with mechanical events

Identify the events associated with an electrocardiogram

Explain the factors that affect cardiac output and the mechanisms associated with their regulation (cardiodynamics)

Explain functional differences between arteries, capillaries and veins

Describe the factors that affect blood flow through a vessel (hemodynamics)

Explain the processes of capillary filtration and reabsorption

Explain the role of autoregulatory, neural and endocrine mechanisms in the regulation of blood pressure

Explain the functions of the various components of the lymphatic system

Describe the components and explain the mechanism of action of the body’s innate (nonspecific) defenses

Explain the mechanism of action of the body’s acquired (specific) defenses, cell and antibody-mediated immunity

Explain the functions of the organs of the respiratory system

Relate the gas laws to pulmonary ventilation, transport and diffusion of blood gasses between compartments

Explain the control of respiration

Explain the functions of the organs of the digestive system and relate their histological features to their functions

Explain the local, neural and hormonal mechanisms that regulate secretions and motility along the digestive tract

Explain the digestion and absorption of carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins

Explain the processes of carbohydrate, lipid, and protein metabolism including hormonal regulation during the absorptive and post absorptive metabolic state

Explain the functions of the organs of the urinary system

Explain the formation of filtrate within the nephron and the mechanisms that regulate final urine volume and composition

Define glomerular filtration rate and explain the autoregulatory, neural and endocrine mechanisms involved in its regulation

Explain the regulation of fluid/electrolyte and acid/base balance

Explain the functions of the organs of the male and female reproductive systems

Explain the hormonal influences involved in the development and functioning of the male and female reproductive systems, including gamete formation

Explain the female reproductive cycle

Explain fertilization, implantation and early embryonic development including the derivatives of the primary germ layers and extra embryonic membranes





3) Explain how the nervous system as well as endocrine and paracrine factors function independently and in a coordinated manner to regulate the cardiovascular, lymphatic, respiratory, digestive, urinary and reproductive systems.


 Objectives:


Explain the factors that affect cardiac output and the mechanisms associated with their regulation (cardiodynamics)

Describe the factors that affect blood flow through a vessel (hemodynamics)

Explain the role of autoregulatory, neural and endocrine mechanisms in the regulation of blood pressure

Describe the components and explain the mechanism of action of the body’s innate (nonspecific) defenses

Explain the mechanism of action of the body’s acquired (specific) defenses, cell and antibody-mediated immunity

Explain the control of respiration

Explain the local, neural and hormonal mechanisms that regulate secretions and motility along the digestive tract

Explain the processes of carbohydrate, lipid, and protein metabolism including hormonal regulation during the absorptive and post absorptive metabolic state

Explain the formation of filtrate within the nephron and the mechanisms that regulate final urine volume and composition

Define glomerular filtration rate and explain the autoregulatory, neural and endocrine mechanisms involved in its regulation

Explain the regulation of fluid/electrolyte and acid/base balance

Explain the hormonal influences involved in the development and functioning of the male and female reproductive systems, including gamete formation

Explain the female reproductive cycle


4) Identify anatomical features of tissues, models and dissected specimen and assess physiological function using various laboratory techniques.


Objectives:


Demonstrate use of the compound light microscope for identification of cells and/or histological features of various organs

Identify anatomical features/organs of the cardiovascular, respiratory, digestive, urinary and reproductive systems using a dissected specimen

Perform physiological assessment in the laboratory such as blood typing, electrocardiography, spirometry







Required Textbook:

Martini F. H. & Nath, J.L.,

Fundamentals of Anatomy & Physiology, 10th Ed.


Required Lab Manual: Laboratory Manual for Anatomy and Physiology, by M.G. Wood.   Pearson-Benjamin/Cummings, San Francisco, CA.


Required  Lab Equipment : Students must purchase Safety Goggles and Gloves for the laboratory


Biol 110

Anatomy & Physiology II


Anatomy and Physiology Practice Practicals  - Great for 109 and 110


Virtual Fetal Pig Dissection.

Download Syllabus